What are the different types of poisoning?
A poison is any substance that can
harm the body, including medicines and illegal drugs
taken in overdosage, household products, pesticides,
plants, metals such as mercury, lead and arsenic, carbon
monoxide and other pollutants.
Although the type and severity of poisoning
symptoms greatly vary depending on the nature of the
poison and the route and degree of exposure, a poisoning
should be suspected whenever a person suddenly becomes
sick without any apparent reason, smells unusual odors
or shows burn or redness around the mouth, vomiting,
difficulty breathing, or other unexpected signs.
all poisonings show immediate symptoms and sometimes it
may take some time before they begin. In any case, if a
poisoning is suspected, it is vital not to wait until
symptoms develop before calling for emergency medical
help, as well as it is critical to provide the necessary
first aid, which is often life-saving for the victim.
Poisoning first aid* steps:
1- the removal of anything from the victimís mouth, when
poisoning has occurred from swallowing.
2- the immediate removal of the victim from the
contaminated environment into fresh air, when poisoning
has occurred from inhalation.
3- the monitoring of the victimís breathing and heart
function and, if necessary, the provision of rescue
breathing and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
4- the positioning the victim on his or her left side.
5- the protection of the victimís airway to avoid the
aspiration of vomit or secretions into the lungs.
6- the protection of the victim from self-injury, if he
or she starts having seizures.
7- the flushing of the victimís
skin or eyes with cool water and the removal of the
victimís clothing, if the poison has spilled on them.
It is important not to give anything to induce
vomiting, unless otherwise indicated by the poison
control centre, as well as not to administer anything by
mouth to unconscious victims.
Any other care given to
the poisoned person should be provided in accordance
with the instructions given by the poison control centre.
In addition, if any sample of the suspected poison is
available, it should be sent for identification to the
hospital where the patient will receive the specific,
definitive poisoning treatment.
Since poisoning is a rather common event which
may occur everywhere, it is advisable to obtain an
appropriate health insurance to cover the
cost of any poisoning treatment.
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*Always seek professional medical advise from a
qualified doctor before undergoing any treatment.