Healthcare in Brazil
As far as healthcare in
is concerned, the industry is effectively split into two groups.
The first one to be aware of is a public Healthcare government funded system (known by the
locals as Sistema Único de Saúde, or simply the SUS).
This is the system chosen by most Brazilians.
The other group found in Brazil is the private Health Insurance sector which comprises
of both private insurance and private health care providers.
SUS came into existence in
since 1988. It was set up to provide health care to Brazilians in
general and today it is subjected to the Brazilian Constitution.
The objectives SUS set out to achieve are: universality,
comprehensive coverage, and equity for the public healthcare sector in
ensures that no single Brazilian is going to be
discriminated against medical treatment when it comes to public healthcare.
There should be no exception to it.
Regardless of social background, age, gender or skin color, all
citizens should have access to healthcare in Brazil fairly and adequately.
Health Authority in Brazil
The Brazilian health authority understand the fact that several aspects
of life could determine the overall quality of health care in Brazil. These are wide-ranging
factors and some of them are related to social and educational status,
which directly link to employment and anime power.
This is the reason behind the SUS's priority to enable
comprehensive health cover while public health programs focus on
preventive measures, rehab education and treatment.
To establish equality among all its population, the government took on
the responsibility to come up with
individual healthcare policies for
different income groups in the country.
This is one way to make sure that all
can have access to medical facilities.
These SUS policies are said to be people oriented, not simply because of
the equality mentioned above, but also due to the fact that the
government actively encourages the public to voice its opinion and
collects its feedbacks on health programs previously rolled out.
The people welcome the idea as that means they have indirect
inputs to the Medical policymaking process.
This is certainly a breakthrough approach by the government and
other governmental sectors are looking into the possibility to adopt
this equal public healthcare approach.
In term of investment into public healthcare,
has been spending generously with regards to its gross domestic products
(or GDP). This certainly
marks a departure from the other emerging economies where a less than
significant amount is contribute towards the country's healthcare.
According to the latest available data, as much as 9% of Brazil's GDP is
ploughed back to its public healthcare programs.
In addition to the comprehensive public health sector, the private
healthcare providers also have significant role to play in
Brazil. Individual Brazilian,
regardless of his capacity as a private individual or employee, has the
wealth of freedom to either opt for public or private healthcare. The
great thing is that one could always make the choice on private player;
yet does not surrender his right to assess public medical assistance.
Figures show that in 2007, approximately 37 million residents here opted
to be covered by
private health insurance providers.