In general, the healthcare situation in Vietnam is good. The population
enjoy high life expectancy (average 70.61 years old) and low infant
mortality rate (2.595% as revealed in 2005 data). However the country
still has a malnutrition problem, this is especially a big challenge for the
rural and suburb areas residents. While life expectancy and infant
mortality are slightly better than average compared to under-developed
economies, but this has been the situation for long times, hence no
clear sign of improvement. Vietnam spends close to 0.9% of the
country’s gross domestic product (or GDP) on healthcare investment to
beef up the public sector's infrastructure. For any poor Vietnamese who
is seeking medical treatment, a subsidy of 20% would be granted by the
government, so effectively the concerned citizen pay for 80% of medical
bills, which is considered a big burden for the really poor.
Public Healthcare in Vietnam
Public healthcare in
is not a new concept. When the country was still split into north and
south regions, the North has actually started healthcare that extended
to the hamlet level. After the Vietnamese war, the new government
unified the public healthcare system and extended the benefits to the
south as well. It was then business as usual until the late 80s when the
recession posed about some real challenges, they are:
Difficulty in federal funding,
when the central government began to delegate healthcare
responsibility to the provinces, it resulted uneven redistribution
beginning of 'charged' healthcare services in Vietnam.
Shortage of fund from the government meant difficulty in maintenance of
water and sewage systems, which gave rise to a multitude of infectious
diseases such as typhoid, cholera, dengue fever and malaria. New
construction and refurbishment of hospitals were slowed down, directly
impacting the livelihood of thousands of healthcare workers such as
nurses and midwifes. World Bank’s report released in 2000 indicated that
has about 250,000 hospital beds at that time nationwide, which basically
translate to just 14.8 beds for every 10,000 residents. The ratio was a
big worry especially compared to the leaps and bounds of improvement in
healthcare provisions made by developing Asian nations during that
Infectious diseases in Vietnam
On the positive side, the country has been able to deal with certain
infectious diseases successfully. Diseases such as malaria is said to be
under control and this is demonstrated by the fact that malaria-induced
deaths have been cut down to just 5% from its peak during early 90s.
This impressive result is helped by the effective anti-malarial drugs
and treatment that was brought into Vietnam from
donor countries. The country still has to grapple with the challenge
posed by tuberculosis (TB). It is a major killer and claims up to 57
deaths on daily basis – based on data released in 2004.
has taken initiatives to effectively combat TB and among some of the
intensifying nation-wide vaccination programs,
promoting public hygiene education, and
soliciting foreign expertise for helps.
In the South East Asia Region,
is one country that is severely affected by human immunodeficiency
virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS).
Finding a suitable Health Insurance in Vietnam
If you travel to Vietnam it is important to be covered by a
suitable Health Insurance which will cover you in case of unexpected
disease or accident. We can help you select the most appropriate
healthcare plan in Vietnam either for yourself or your family.